Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence

Digital Technologies Knowledge and Understanding

Identify and explore a range of digital systems with peripheral devices for different purposes, and transmit different types of data (ACTDIK007

Recognise different types of data and explore how the same data can be represented in different ways (ACTDIK008

Year 5 and 6 – Digital Technologies Knowledge and Understanding

Examine the main components of common digital systems and how they may connect together to form networks to transmit data (ACTDIK014 Examine how whole numbers are used to represent all data in digital systems (ACTDIK015

Year 3 and 4 – Digital Technologies Processes and Production Skills

Collect, access and present different types of data using simple software to create information and solve problems (ACTDIP009

Define simple problems, and describe and follow a sequence of steps and decisions (algorithms) needed to solve them (ACTDIP010

Implement simple digital solutions as visual programs with algorithms involving branching (decisions) and user input (ACTDIP011

Explain how student solutions and existing information systems meet common personal, school or community needs (ACTDIP012

Plan, create and communicate ideas and information independently and with others, applying agreed ethical and social protocols (ACTDIP013

Year 5 and 6 – Digital Technologies Processes and Production Skills

Acquire, store and validate different types of data, and use a range of software to interpret and visualise data to create information (ACTDIP016 Define problems in terms of data and functional requirements drawing on previously solved problems (ACTDIP017

Design a user interface for a digital system (ACTDIP018

Design, modify and follow simple algorithms involving sequences of steps, branching, and iteration (repetition) (ACTDIP019

Implement digital solutions as simple visual programs involving branching, iteration (repetition), and user input (ACTDIP020

Explain how student solutions and existing information systems are sustainable and meet current and future local community needs (ACTDIP021

Plan, create and communicate ideas and information, including collaboratively online, applying agreed ethical, social and technical protocols


**Depends on students’ prior knowledge and time spent on this unit will depend on the specific outcomes covered and achieved.**

Learning Intentions


To understand artificial intelligence by extending students knowledge on binary codes, data, coding and helping them see in to the future of artificial intelligence.


To define words artificial intelligence, machine learning, coding, data and algorithm.


To discuss their knowledge in this area with students in a whole class setting and small groups.

Success Criteria

I can understand the terms artificial intelligence, machine learning, coding and data.

I can use an artificial intelligence program such as Autodraw

I can use a simple coding program

I can explain artificial intelligence and machine learning to another person

I know where I can go if I want extra information on artificial intelligence

What is Artificial Intelligence?

Brainstorm either as a whole class, with a partner or independently a definition of artificial intelligence from your current knowledge.

There is no wrong idea.



go even if you don’t

think you know the exact

right answer.

Artificial Intelligence – Dictionary Definitions.

Oxford Dictionary “The theory and development of computer systems able to perform tasks normally requiring human intelligence, such as visual perception, speech recognition, decision-making, and translation between languages.”

Merriam-Webster defines artificial intelligence this way:

A branch of computer science dealing with the simulation of intelligent behavior in computers.


The capability of a machine to imitate intelligent human behavior.


The Encyclopedia Britannica states, “artificial intelligence (AI), the ability of a digital computer or computer-

controlled robot to perform tasks commonly associated with


intelligent beings.”


How close were you to the dictionary definition? Discuss.

Learning Progression


Binary Code


Machine Learning

Artificial Intelligence


Computers need DATA.

Do you have a good understanding of the word ‘data’?


What does data mean?

What are some examples of data?

What do you remember from Chance and Data lessons?

Remember to ask students to explain / define the word ‘data’ in their own words and have an area to display the language of Digital Technologies in the room for students to use as a reference.

Good websites with definitions of data

Level 3 and 4 Level 5 and 6

Data: Binary System

Binary is a base 2 number system invented by Gottfried Leibniz that is made up of only two numbers: 0 and 1. This number system is the basis for all binary code, which is used to write data such as the computer processor instructions used every day. (ComputerHope website – link below)

To write hello in binary code you would write the binary code for each letter – h e l l o

01001000 01100101 01101100 01101100 01101111

Practise writing your own name in binary code or a secret word to share with your friend **Check your answers here

Further information about the binary system

From Computer Hope

Transition from Binary Codes to Programming

Watch this short video to find out when the first computer program was created.

If students are not familiar with writing a program practice computer programming by using a coding website / app such as A great one to begin is (no sign in required)

Discuss students use of technology in their day-to-day life.

First computer First Personal Computer Recent Computer image from reddit image from zdnet image from wealthlife

Digital Learning Glossary

Ensure their glossary or your Digital Learning Word Wall is up to date. Remember to use student’s own language.

Artificial Intelligence



Binary Numbers


Binary System

I Wonder…….

Create an ‘I Wonder’ place for students to write their ‘wonderings’ – use either sticky notes on a class wall/poster or in student’s Inquiry books.

Encourage all thinking. Image from Kramer1BSchool Twitter

Machine Learning

So now you have a glimpse of how we input data into a computer using binary codes and programming codes. Watch this video to help explain our next step….machine learning.

Use machine learning in Autodraw.


AutoDraw is a new kind of drawing tool that pairs the magic of machine learning with drawings from talented artists to help everyone create anything visual, fast.

More examples and machine learning programs!/worksheets (AI Applications)

Image from MindMap Software

Discuss this image and all the ways AI is used in

today’s society.

Where will AI lead us to next?

Choose one of the below which all look at AI in the future. Please view first to ensure it is suitable for your cohort of students. Please note when teaching Digital Technologies that it is rapidly changing so ensure you keep updated by searching online when needed.

What things will disappear in just 20 years?

15 jobs that will disappear in the next 20 years due to AI

Thank you for reading this unit, we hope you and your students found it useful.

Please head to for more free units of work and lessons.

I highly recommend for any educator to complete the free online course provided by The University of Adelaide to upskill in Digital Technologies.

“We run a range of Digital Technologies programs for Australian teachers, including our free, online CSER MOOC courses, free professional learning events, and our National Lending Library”. (The University of